Pashto (پښتو pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː, ˈpəçt̪oː, ˈpʊxt̪oː]; alternatively spelled Pukhto, Pakhto or Pushto), also known historically as Afghani(افغاني afğānī) and Pathani, is the native language of the Pashtun people of South–Central Asia. Pashto is a member of theEastern Iranian languages group. Pashto is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan (the other being Dari), and is also spoken as a regional language in western and northwestern Pakistan and among the Pashtun diaspora around the world.
It is spoken by over 16 million people in Afghanistan, over 30 million in Pakistan, and about 50,000 in Iran. Some sources even estimate the number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers to be 40–60 million people worldwide.