Shakespeare series on words

Dear all,

Words are the key ingredient of the service we provide for you, so we prepared this newsletter in order to take a closer look at some of them.

Welcome to our Shakespeare series on words.
In this series we will present Shakespeare’s words, topics and themes.

In today’s newsletter we will talk about Four Humours, but in a different sense than we know it.

“In early accounts of human physiology, a person’s physical and mental disposition was thought to be governed by a combination of fluids, or humours, within the body. Four humours were recognized: blood, phlegm, choler (also called yellow bile), and melancholy (also called black bile or black choler). The notion transferred readily into a range of senses to do with temperament, mood, inclination, and manner of action, regarded as permanent or alterable features of behaviour. They often referred to a particular facet of behaviour, such as manner of expression. The original physical sense of humour as a physical secretion is also still found in Early Modern English. Good health was thought to come from having the four humours in balance; but characters often display the predominance of one or the other, and their actions are interpreted accordingly.”

“Humour Typical disposition Seen in character Example
blood optimistic, passionate, amorous, courageous Hotspur (as described by his wife) In military rules, humours of blood, / He was the mark and glass, copy and book, / That fashioned others
phlegm dull, indifferent, indolent, apathetic, idle Falstaff and his companions (as described by Prince Hal) I know you all, and will awhile uphold / The unyoked humour of your idleness
choler angry, irascible, bad tempered Cassius (as described by Brutus) Go show your slaves how choleric you are … Must I stand and crouch / Under your testy humour?
melancholy sad, gloomy, sullen, depressed Jaques (as described by Rosalind) They say you are a melancholy fellow.
Jaques: I am so: I do love it better than laughing”

More Shakespeare words can be found at this short and funny video

Traductio Team

We love words – Lissome

Another lovely word: Lissome 



We love words – Equilibrium

We love word: Equilibrium


We love words – Abundance

Today’s word is…Abundance!


noun: abundance; plural noun: abundances
  1. 1.
    a very large quantity of something.
    “the tropical island boasts an abundance of wildlife”
    • the state or condition of having a copious quantity of something; plentifulness.
      “vines and figs grew in abundance
      synonyms: profusion, plentifulness, profuseness, copiousness, amplitude, affluence,lavishness, bountifulness, infinity, opulence, exuberance, luxuriance; More

      antonyms: lack, scarcity
    • plentifulness of the good things of life; prosperity.
      “the growth of industry promised wealth and abundance”
    • the quantity or amount of something present in a particular area, volume, or sample.
      “estimates of the abundance of harp seals”
  2. 2.
    (in solo whist) a bid by which a player undertakes to make nine or more tricks.
Middle English: from Latin abundantia, from abundant- ‘overflowing’, from the verb abundare (seeabound).
Source: Wikipedia

We love words – Resilience

Today we analyse the word: Resilience
noun: resilience; plural noun: resiliences
  1. 1.
    the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.
    “nylon is excellent in wearability, abrasion resistance and resilience”
    synonyms: flexibility, pliability, suppleness, plasticity, elasticity, springiness, spring, give; More
    antonyms: rigidity, fragility, vulnerability, weakness
  2. 2.
    the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.
    “the often remarkable resilience of so many British institutions”
    Source: Wikipedia 

All About Resilience

Resilience is that ineffable quality that allows some people to be knocked down by life and come back stronger than ever. Rather than letting failure overcome them and drain their resolve, they find a way to rise from the ashes. Psychologists have identified some of the factors that make someone resilient, among them a positive attitude, optimism, the ability to regulate emotions, and the ability to see failure as a form of helpful feedback. Even after misfortune, resilient people are blessed with such an outlook that they are able to change course and soldier on.

Source: Psychology Today

We love words – Serenity

Today we take a look at the word: Serenity
noun: serenity
  1. the state of being calm, peaceful, and untroubled.
    “an oasis of serenity amidst the bustling city”
    synonyms: calmness, calm, composure, tranquillity, peacefulness, peace of mind, peace,peaceableness, collectedness, poise, aplomb, self-possession, sangfroid,imperturbability, equanimity, equableness, ease, placidity, placidness; More

    antonyms: anxiety, agitation, disruption, cloudiness, storminess
late Middle English: from Old French serenite, from Latin serenitas, from serenus ‘clear, fair’ (serene).
Source: Wikipedia

We love words – Purpose

Today we analyse the word: Purpose
noun: purpose; plural noun: purposes
  1. 1.
    the reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists.
    “the purpose of the meeting is to appoint a trustee”
    • a particular requirement or consideration, typically one that is temporary or restricted in scope or extent.
      “state pensions are considered as earned income for tax purposes”
  2. 2.
    a person’s sense of resolve or determination.
    “there was a new sense of purpose in her step as she set off”
    synonyms: determination, resoluteness, resolution, resolve, firmness (of purpose), steadfastness,backbone, drive, push, thrust, enthusiasm, ambition, initiative, enterprise, motivation,single-mindedness, commitment, conviction, dedication;

    “Middlesbrough had started the game with more purpose and menace”

verb: purpose; 3rd person present: purposes; past tense: purposed; past participle: purposed; gerund or present participle: purposing
  1. 1.
    have as one’s intention or objective.
    “God has allowed suffering, even purposed it”
    synonyms: intend, mean, aim, plan, design, have the intention, have in mind, have a mind; More

Middle English: from Old French porpos, from the verb porposer, variant of proposer (see propose).
Source: Wikipedia

We love words – Calm

Today we take a look at the word: Calm.
adjective: calm; comparative adjective: calmer; superlative adjective: calmest
  1. 1.
    not showing or feeling nervousness, anger, or other strong emotions.
    “she had to keep calm at all costs”
    • (of a place) peaceful after violent activity.
      “the city was reported to be calm, but army patrols remained”
  2. 2.
    (of the weather) pleasantly free from wind.
    “the night was clear and calm”
    synonyms: windless, still, tranquil, quiet, serene, peaceful, pacific, undisturbed, restful, balmy,halcyon

    “the night was clear and calm”
    antonyms: windy, stormy
noun: calm
  1. 1.
    the absence of strong emotions; calm feelings.
    “his usual calm deserted him”
    synonyms: composure, coolness, calmness, self-possession, sangfroid, presence of mind, poise,aplomb, self-control; More

    antonyms: anxiety
  2. 2.
    the absence of wind.
    “in the centre of the storm calm prevailed”
    • still air represented by force 0 on the Beaufort scale (less than 1 knot or 1 km/h).
    • an area of the sea without wind.
      plural noun: calms
      “flat calms”
verb: calm; 3rd person present: calms; past tense: calmed; past participle: calmed; gerund or present participle: calming
  1. 1.
    make (someone) tranquil and quiet; soothe.
    “I took him inside and tried to calm him down
    antonyms: excite, upset
    • (of a person) become tranquil and quiet.
      “gradually I calmed down and lost my anxiety”
      synonyms: compose oneself, recover/regain one’s composure, control oneself, recover/regain one’s self-control, pull oneself together, keep one’s head, simmer down, cool down,cool off, take it easy; More

      antonyms: lose one’s temper
late Middle English: via one of the Romance languages from Greek kauma ‘heat (of the day)’.
Source: Wikipedia

We love words – Bliss

We love words!

Today’s word is Bliss:

noun: bliss
  1. 1.
    perfect happiness; great joy.
    “she gave a sigh of bliss”
    synonyms: joy, pleasure, delight, happiness, gladness, ecstasy, elation, rapture, euphoria,heaven, paradise, seventh heaven, cloud nine, Eden, Utopia, Arcadia; More

    antonyms: misery


verb: bliss; 3rd person present: blisses; past tense: blissed; past participle: blissed; gerund or present participle: blissing; adjective: blissed-out
  1. 1.
    reach a state of perfect happiness, oblivious of everything else.
    “Josh is just blissed out, always smiling”
Old English blīths, bliss, of Germanic origin; related to blithe.
Source: Wikipedia

We love Words – Ineffable

We love Words!
Today we take a look at another interesting word: Ineffable.
adjective: ineffable
  1. too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words.
    “the ineffable mysteries of the soul”
    synonyms: inexpressible, indescribable, beyond words, beyond description, beggaring description;More

    • not to be uttered.
      “the ineffable Hebrew name that gentiles write as Jehovah”
late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin ineffabilis, from in- ‘not’ + effabilis (see effable).
Source: Wikipedia
We love #words